UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
- The UNDP was established in 1965 with the merger of two UN agencies providing assistance to underdeveloped countries. UNDP’s principal goal is to reduce poverty in developing countries. UNDP links and coordinates global and national efforts to achieve the development goals and priorities that have been designed in collaboration with host countries. UNDP’s priorities include: democracy building; crisis prevention; poverty reduction; the environment and energy supplies; prevention of HIV/AIDS and alleviation of its consequences.
- UNDP programs have formerly been carried out in Estonia (since 1993) as well, but since 2000 Estonia is no longer a country to receive aid but as an aid donor itself. Estonia is a member of the UNDP Executive Board from 2011 to 2012.
- Estonia’s contribution to UNDP in 2014 was 175 000 euros.
UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund
- The UNFPA was established in 1969 as the United Nations Fund for Population Activities; from 1987 it is known under its current name. UNFPA is the principal population development agency, currently engaged with projects in 129 countries. Their main areas of work include reproductive health, gender equality, population and development strategies and health care. Estonia is a member of the UNFPA Executive Board from 2011 to 2012.
- Estonia has supported UNFPA since 2002. Estonia’s contribution to the Fund in 2014 was 60 000 euros.
- The UN General Assembly established UNWOMEN (UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women) on 2 July 2010. It came about as a part of the UN reform agenda (system wide coherence) linking together resources and mandates for greater impact. Negotiations over the reform had been mediated by Estonian and Tunisian ambassadors since autumn of 2009. UNWOMEN brings together four separate bodies: the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW), the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), and the Office of the Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI). The mentioned agencies work has concluded with the establishment of UNWOMEN. Estonia is a member of Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) from 2011 to 2015.
- Estonia made first contribution to UN Women after its establishment in 2010 by 19 173 euros. Estonia’s contribution in 2014 was 110 000 euros.
UNDP DGTTF - United Nations Development Programme Democratic Governance Thematic Trust Fund
- The Fund was established in 2001 by the UNDP to hold up and promote democracy in developing countries and to assist countries in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). DGTTF focuses its funding on accomplishing the UNDP development priorities. Its designated areas include development of parliamentary systems, election proceedings, inclusive participation in due process, protection of human rights, promoting accessibility to information, decentralization and regional development as well as battling corruption.
- Estonia has supported the Fund since 2007. Estonia’s contribution to the Fund in 2014 was 25 000 euros.
UNGEI - The United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative
- UNGEI’s principle objective is to reduce the current gender inequality in elementary- and basic education. The initiative was established in 2000, it links together the donor community, non-governmental organizations and UN agencies. In unison with the MDG’s the UNGEI seeks to provide the accessibility of elementary- and basic education to all children by 2015.
- Estonia has supported UNGEI since 2006. Estonia’s contribution in support to the UNGEI’s activities in 2014 was 30 000 euros.
UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
- The UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues is an advisory body to the United Nations Economic and Social Council, with a mandate to discuss indigenous issues related to social and economic development, culture, the environment, education and health. In 2011-2013 Helen Kaljuläte is the Permanent Representation of Estonia to the UN Forum on Indigenous Issues.
- Estonia has supported the Forum since 2006. Estonia’s contribution to the Forum in 2014 was 10 000 euros.
Second International Decade of the World Indigenous People
- The Second International Decade of the World's Indigenous People was proclaimed by the General Assembly at its 59th session and it commenced in 2005. The Second International Decade of the World's Indigenous People manages the financial aspects of the work and projects of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. The Second Decade has listed its objectives: promoting non-discrimination and inclusion of indigenous peoples; full and effective participation in decision-making; redefining development policies that depart from a vision of equity and that are culturally appropriate; adopting targeted policies with emphasis on special groups ( indigenous women, -children and -youth); developing strong monitoring mechanisms and enhancing accountability at the international, regional and particularly the national level.
- Estonia has supported the International Decade since 1999. Estonia’s contribution to the Forum in 2014 was 10 000 euros.
OHCHR - The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
- The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is the principal UN initiative working to enforce and promote universally recognized human rights norms identified in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. The office was established by the UN General Assembly in 1993. Among other activities they ensure the implementation of the major human rights treaties and act as the principal focal point of human rights research, education, public information, and advocacy activities. The Office administers the work of many UN human rights mechanisms such as The United Nations Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations.
- Estonia has supported Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations since 1999. Estonian contribution in support of the fund in 2014 was 30 000 euros.
OCHA - UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- OCHA is the UN focal point on major disasters with its establishment dating back twenty years. It links together international and state-level humanitarian actors to provide a coherent response to emergencies. Additionally, it manages policy development and humanitarian advocacy.
- Estonia has supported OCHA since 2001. Estonia’s contribution to OCHA in 2014 was 430 000 EUR.
CERF - UN Central Emergency Response Fund
- The CERF initiative, approved by the UN General Assembly in December 2005 was established in early 2006 and within its first five years of existence the Fund has already aided millions of disaster victims in more than 60 countries. CERF aims to allocate the necessary provisions for a quick and apt response in the occurrence of conflicts and/or nature disasters. The fund’s highest priorities are countries that have been dealing with humanitarian crisis for a longer period.
- Estonia has supported CERF since its launch. In 2014 Estonia supported CERF’s activities with 100 000 euros.
UNDAC - United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination
- UNDAC is part of the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. UNDAC was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of a sudden-onset emergency. UNDAC also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency. Estonia is member of UNDAC since 2001.
- Estonia’s contribution in support of the Estonian UNDAC Mission Account in 2013 was 150 000 euros.
UNICEF - The United Nations Children's Fund
- UNICEF is an international organisation providing humanitarian and developmental assistance to children. The initiative was launched in the aftermath of the World War II and currently has staff in over 190 developing countries. UNICEF is principally funded through donations. Children are the most vulnerable part of the society in developing countries, therefore improving their situation is a priority for Estonian foreign policy. Estonia is a member of the UNICEF Executive Board from 2011 to 2013.
- Estonia has supported UNICEF since 1999. Estonia’s contribution to UNICEF in 2014 was 495 000 euros.
UNHCR - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
- The UN refugee agency emerged in the wake of World War II when the international community faced a vast refugee problem. It seeks permanent solutions to refugee problems, offers international protection to refugees, coordinates the activities of voluntary agencies, and assists the most needy refugee groups (women, children, adolescents, the elderly, and those who are suffering from the effects of war trauma).
- Estonia has supported UNHCR activities since 2001. Estonia’s contribution in 2014 to UNHCR’s programmes was 515 000 euros.
ICRC - International Committee of the Red Cross
- The ICRC, established in 1863, is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. Since its foundation, the ICRC has played a humanitarian role in most of the conflicts that have taken place around the world. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.
- Estonia has supported ICRC activities since 1998. Estonian contribution to the ICRC's programmes in 2014 was 300 000 euros.
EIF - Enhanced Integrated Framework
The Integrated Framework was initially established in October 1997 at the WTO. The EIF is a multi-donor programme (as of January 2011, there were contributions from 22 donors) which supports LDCs to be more active players in the global trading system by helping them tackle supply-side constraints to trade. There is a keen focus on country ownership, greater coordination and commitments from all EIF partners, stronger national and global governance structures and additional financial resources to match LDCs' demands. The programme is currently helping 47 LDCs worldwide.
- Estonia has supported EIF since 2008. In 2014 Estonia’s contribution to EIF was 15 000 euros.
DDAGTF- Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund
- In November 2001, 142 Trade Ministers from around the world met at the 4th WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar, and launched a Round of multilateral trade negotiations. One of the outcomes of the conference was the establishment of the Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF) that aims to provide technical assistance and help developing countries in capacity-building to enhance their role in global economy to participate fully in the Doha Development Agenda.
- Estonia has supported DDAGTF since 2002. Estonia’s contribution in 2014 was 20 000 euros.