Estonia assesses each need for humanitarian aid separately and provides aid in a way that is most needed in the relevant situation in line with the activities of other humanitarian actors. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for providing and coordinating humanitarian aid. At the national level, the Ministry cooperates with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Estonian Red Cross. Estonia continues to support international humanitarian system and coordination primarily through the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), contributing to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and to the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) system.
Estonia has provided humanitarian aid since 1998, to victims of different natural and man-made disasters, in more than 30 countries, mainly through UN humanitarian organisations and Red Cross family, but also by providing bilateral humanitarian aid via own NPOs or through sending national rescue team (EDRT) or its members to the disaster areas. Estonia has supported Indonesia, Japan, China, Haiti and Turkey in coping with the aftermath of earthquakes or helped to alleviate the situations of refugees and internally displaced persons in Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Zimbabwe, Kyrgyzstan, South Sudan, Sudan, Pakistan, Libya and DR Congo, as well as residents during the aftermath of drought and famine in Somalia, Chad and Niger or people in conflicts in Iraq, Georgia, Syria, Kenya, Yemen and Gaza. Estonia have also rendered in kind humanitarian assistance to Moldova, Ukraine, Georgia, Poland and Russia. Since December 2006 the Estonian Rescue Service is the member of International Humanitarian Partnership – IHP, which is giving logistical support to the UN in different world crises. In 2009 Estonian experts assisted the IHP missions in Namibia and Indonesia, in 2010 in Haiti and 2010-2011 in Pakistan. 2012 they give logistical support to UNHCR refugee camp in Dollo Ado, Ethiopia.